Multiple Wills Conundrum – Real-Life Case Study

Multiple Wills

Distinct Wills Writing for Each Property

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This case study is intended to apply the insights gathered from the previous blog post, which focused on the importance of creating separate wills for each property. The objective is to gain a comprehensive understanding of the real-world implications of this approach. To achieve this, we will delve into a hypothetical scenario involving an individual named Mr. X, who possesses multiple properties and assets in India as well as in another jurisdiction.

Overview of the Challenge in Writing Seperate Will

Mr. X is a successful businessperson based in Chennai, India. Over the years, Ravi has accumulated a significant estate comprising real estate, shares, and fixed deposits, among other things. His estate includes properties both in India and the United States.

Mr. X wants to ensure that his estate is divided according to his wishes after his lifetime. Confused by conflicting advice, he contemplates whether he should make individual wills for each property or consolidate everything under a single will.

The One-Will Approach for Assets in India

Based on what he understood, he learns that it’s best to opt for a single will when all assets in question are located in India. This prevents potential issues that could arise from having multiple wills, such as legal complexities and a risk of invalidity.

Legal Guidance for Writing Multiple Wills

  • Mr. X, realizing the importance and complexity of Indian Succession laws, decided to seek professional guidance. He made an appointment with a legal advisor who has a wealth of experience and specializes in this area. The advisor has a deep understanding of the nuances of Indian Succession laws, and is well-equipped to provide sound advice and guidance to clients like Ravi who are navigating this complex field.
  • In considering his estate, he takes the decision to create a comprehensive will. This legal document dedicates specific attention to the exhaustive list of his assets, all of which are located within the territorial boundaries of India. In this single, all-encompassing will, he ensures that every piece of his property, every investment, and all his financial holdings within the country are accounted for and carefully distributed according to his final wishes.
  • Additionally, he plays a crucial role in ensuring that the will is appropriately signed, witnessed, and attested. This is done in strict accordance with Indian laws to avoid any future dispute or legal issue. His responsibilities include making sure that the signing process is carried out correctly, that the witness presence is legally valid, and that the attestation of the document is done as per the legal requirements. All these steps are critical in ensuring the will stands unchallenged when the time comes for it to be executed.

Wills for Assets in Multiple Jurisdictions

Mr. X, who is a successful entrepreneur, possesses an apartment situated in a prime location and a small tech startup in the United States, a country known for its innovation and opportunities. In his journey of wealth management, he learns a crucial piece of advice regarding the dispersion of his assets. He discovers that when assets are located in different jurisdictions, it is generally recommended to have separate wills. These wills should be carefully drafted in order to comply with the laws and regulations of the respective countries where the assets are located. This is to ensure a smooth transition and to avoid any legal complications in the future.

Action Taken to address the Issue in Will Writing

  • Mr.X, who is keen on ensuring that his assets and wealth are managed in a way that best suits his wishes, decides to seek professional advice. He, therefore, consults a legal advisor based in the United States who has significant experience and specialization in the nuanced field of estate planning.
  • In order to ensure that his U.S. assets are properly managed and distributed according to his wishes, he goes through the meticulous process of drafting a separate will. This separate will specifically pertains to his assets located within the United States. The drafting of this document is done in a way that aligns closely with the legal norms and regulations prevalent in American law, to avoid any potential legal complications or disputes in the future.

The Outcome in India

  • The process of filing the single will, designated specifically for the Indian assets, has been successfully completed. This crucial step ensures that the legal documentation needed for the proper management and distribution of these valuable assets in India is in place, providing assurance and clarity for all involved parties.
  • Mr X legal advisor, who has years of experience and expertise in the field, assures him with confidence that the probate process, which involves the legal process of transferring the assets of a deceased person to his or her heirs, will be much smoother and less time-consuming than he anticipates. The advisor has a firm grasp on the complexities of the matter and is prepared to navigate them efficiently, saving Mr. X from the potential stress and confusion that can come with such a process.

The Outcome in the U.S

  • Mr. X’s decision to create a separate American will is a strategic one. This decision ensures that his assets, which are based in the United States, will not only be protected but will also be easier to manage after his lifetime. By taking this step, Mr. X is ensuring a smoother transition and management of his properties and assets, facilitating the process for those who will be entrusted with these responsibilities.

Lessons Learned

  1. Legal Consultation is Crucial: When it comes to the complex and intricate matters of estate planning, the role of expert legal advice cannot be overstated. This becomes particularly crucial in scenarios where assets are not confined to one locale, but are instead spread across multiple jurisdictions. In such situations, the laws governing estates can vary greatly, making it all the more important to have a proficient legal advisor by your side. Their expertise and insight can help navigate the legal labyrinth, ensuring that your estate planning is both compliant and effective.
  2. Simplification through Consolidation: It is highly recommended to have a single will when all of the individual’s assets are located within one jurisdiction. In the context of this discussion, we are referring specifically to the jurisdiction of India. Having a single will can greatly simplify the process of asset distribution upon the individual’s passing, since it eliminates the need to deal with multiple legal systems, each with their own unique complexities and nuances. This approach can make the process more straightforward and minimize potential disputes or misunderstandings regarding the individual’s final wishes.
  3. Importance of Local Laws: In the complex world of international asset management, having a thorough understanding of local laws and regulations is of paramount importance. Complying with these laws is not just a formality but a necessity to avoid potential legal complications. This involves gaining a deep insight into the legal intricacies of the specific geographical location where the assets are held. By doing so, you not only ensure the legal protection of your assets but also set a strong foundation for efficient management and future growth, thus, making local laws an indispensable part of international asset management.


This case study validates the recommendations made in the original blog post. It emphasizes the importance of a one-will approach for assets located in India and the need for jurisdiction-specific wills for assets located outside India. Mr.X’s hypothetical scenario serves as a practical example that underlines the need for thorough estate planning guided by expert legal advice.

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